Using Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) and Compassion-Focused Therapy (CFT) to Support Persons Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence

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Issue Date
2024-06-21
Authors
Appavoo, Lucretzia
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Abstract
A high prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) amongst individuals in Canada and a variety of mental health consequences and lower quality of life requires a need for effective treatments. This capstone research project aims to explore how eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) and compassion-focused therapy (CFT) together can support and treat individuals who have experienced IPV. A literature review is conducted to examine current and past literature examining the effectiveness of EMDR and CFT for individuals who have experienced IPV. Findings from the literature review show that EMDR is helpful in treating PTSD symptoms and that CFT is helpful in treating components of PTSD and shame in those who have suffered from IPV. At the end of the capstone research project, a framework is proposed that integrates both compassion-focused and EMDR principles into a single model aimed at treating IPV by targeting PTSD symptoms through EMDR and utilizing a compassion-focused lens and techniques to target shame and guilt. By targeting these two areas, EMDR along with CFT could help in reducing mental health issues after IPV and may increase quality of life.
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Keywords
compassion-focused therapy , eye movement desensitization and reprocessing , intimate partner violence , post-traumatic stress disorder , trauma
License
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States , openAccess
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