CityU Scholarly Work (Restricted)

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Contains access-restricted scholarly work from City University of Seattle students, faculty, and staff.
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    A Trauma-Informed Approach in Schools With Sandtray Therapy and CBT
    (2023-05) Thorgeirson, Loretta
    Students who struggle with trauma can often get missed in the school system. With a lack of support, funding and awareness the school misses the opportunities in assisting the individuals who are struggling. This literature review will discuss what trauma is and how it impacts children and youth. It will look at the advantages of how having a trauma-informed approach can create a positive, empathetic culture where students feel safe and connected. Finally, this paper will explore how sandtray or sandplay therapy and cognitive behavioural support are two therapeutic approaches that a school counsellor can use to help students, who have experienced trauma, find healing.
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    Examining Bowen Family Systems Modality as a Treatment modality Amongst Adults with Alcohol Use Disorder
    (2023-04) Su, Solomon
    Alcohol is the most used substance among adults in North America. Alcohol use is commonly associated with increased risk to the health and wellbeing of self and others. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is among one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders across the world today and is associated with family problems. The aim of this capstone project is to investigate the efficacy and application of Bowen’s Family Systems Theory (BFST) as a treatment modality for individuals with the diagnosis of alcohol use disorder. AUD and family functioning are negatively impacted and interrelated, but families with family systemic intervention show significant improvements with AUD recovery. AUD is a response to the wavering tensions in the family system. By considering the relationships and interactions within the family system, therapists can assume a supportive role for patients in their treatment process of preventing relapse, and solving familial conflicts to reduce the overall anxiety, which in turns, reduces the use of alcohol. This capstone project explores BFST in depth in terms of AUD, its efficacy, and the practical application of its core concepts.
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    A Contemporary Look at Cross-Cultural Barriers to Mental Health Services
    (2023-03) Singh, Paul
    Contemporary research continues to highlight mental health stigma as a key barrier to service utilization existing for many regions and cultures across the globe. Additionally, acculturation and migration issues and a current lack of culturally-competent mental health services and trainings available emerge in literature a key barriers to service utilization. While cultural-diversity is being acknowledged more systemically than ever before, most mental health systems still derive from Western-based medicine and philosophies which struggle to integrate cultural-competence, and seemingly have relied on acculturation processes and psychoeducation to increase service utilization for diverse and migrant populations. Thus, this paper analyzes current cross-cultural trends, similarities and differences on barriers to service utilization such as mental health stigma, acculturation and migration issues, and the reported lack of culturally-competent services and trainings available. Caucasian, East Asian, and South Asian populations are the primary focus within this cross-cultural analysis. Several key findings urge governments and mental health service-providers to strive for cultural-competence through systemic changes that provide collaborative, integrated, and individualized mental healthcare that can be better customized to service-user needs. Additionally, mental healthcare funders are encouraged to engage in more area and community-based research and interventions to identify local mental health trends and barriers to service utilization, leading to more culturally-competent services and staff trainings, and local mental health awareness and education that is tailored based on the specific needs of the area or region studied. My own bi-cultural identity and professional experiences within a culturally-diverse region in Canada provide framework on the relevance of this topic to the field of counselling and mental health within a growing and migrating world.
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    Addressing Weight Bias in Clinical Counselling Practice
    (2023-05) Zimmering, Andrea
    Weight bias is a pervasive issue in North American society and includes harmful stereotypes and attitudes towards people living in larger bodies. Despite its damaging effects, weight bias is widely accepted, normalized, and rarely challenged in North American society. This paper specifically explores the role of weight bias in clinical counselling. The purpose of this capstone is to determine strategies for reducing weight bias in the field of counselling and establish best practices for working with clients living in larger bodies. To better understand this topic, both the weight-centric and non-weight centric perspectives on weight bias are examined. Furthermore, a review of the literature on the existence of weight bias in psychotherapy and existing strategies for reducing weight bias in the field is provided. Finally, a proposal for counsellor education and training that targets weight bias reduction in clinical counselling practice is outlined.
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    Humanity Stripped: The Consequences of Self-Objectification
    (2023-04-14) Norkowski, Mich
    The sexual objectification of women is widespread and pervasive in North American culture. Sexual objectification has direct and indirect negative effects on women’s health and well-being in psychological, physical, emotional, and financial domains. Constant exposure to sexually objectifying media and interpersonal interactions can cause girls and women to internalize an objectified view of themselves, a process known as self-objectification. Self-objectification has several intermediary consequences which have been found to contribute to depressive symptoms, disordered eating behaviours, and sexual dysfunction. This paper explores the process and impacts of sexual objectification and self-objectification in order to raise awareness within the therapist community, as well as contribute to greater societal change. Current mitigators and treatment approaches are outlined, and a therapeutic guideline is offered.