CityU Scholarly Work (Open Access)

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Contains open access scholarly work from City University of Seattle students, faculty, and staff.

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    Evaluating Effectiveness of Somatic Experiencing in Treating PTSD
    (2024-06-01) Sinha, Prithvi
    This Capstone research project focuses on evaluating the effectiveness of Somatic Experiencing, a body-based approach, to treating post-traumatic stress disorder. I used a systematic review method, a scientific and rigorous approach, in establishing and evaluating the evidence regarding the effectiveness of somatic experiencing to add to the evidence-based decision-making research in health care. I discussed a variety of treatment approaches to treatment of PTSD and how each of them works neuroscientifically and the advantages and drawbacks of the two established approaches. Finally, I used a systematic review approach to collect information, synthesize it, and analyze it to establish evidence on whether somatic experiencing is effective in treating post-traumatic stress disorder among diverse populations, located in various settings.
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    Counselling in the Time of Socio-Political Polarization
    (2024-04-22) Morrison, Natalia
    In the last decade, socio-political polarization has become increasingly strong and prevalent around the world. It manifests as a greater support for extreme views on the political and ideological spectrum and is accompanied by negative feelings towards people with opposite views. Polarization leads to entrenched social and political positions, decreased dialogue, and deteriorated social cohesion. As such, it poses significant challenges to individuals and communities in the realm of public discourse, workplaces, interpersonal relationships, and mental health. In counselling settings, polarization presents as clients heightened emotional distress, interpersonal and intrapersonal conflicts, social isolation, and decreased overall wellbeing. In this light, counsellors are tasked with addressing diverse political perspectives, supporting clients with exploration of their values and alleviating their emotional and psychological distress. At the same time, socio-political polarization can impact counsellors on a personal and professional levels and present them with ethical dilemmas inherent to politically sensitive and emotionally charged issues. This paper explores multidimensional dynamic of socio-political polarization in its current state, its implications for counselling practice, the role of counselling in this context, and strategies of navigating therapeutic work with politically diverse clients.
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    The Lived Experience of Educators who Teach Students who Have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A Phenomenological Study
    (2024) Armenta, Michelle
    Kindergarten and first-grade students who have been diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have additional learning needs impeding the learning of self and others. The purpose of the qualitative study was to investigate: (a) the successes, challenges, barriers, and needs of teachers working with students who have ADHD; (b) teachers' sense of self-efficacy in working with students who have ADHD; and (c) any differences in successes, challenges, barriers, and needs to mitigate the problem of how to teach kindergarten and first-grade students who have ADHD. A qualitative phenomenological research design guided the collection and analysis of data. This study’s participants were selected by using purposeful sampling and included general education and special education teachers from California and Texas who taught students in kindergarten or first grade with ADHD. Conducting semistructured interviews and inductive data analysis led to a better understanding of teacher self-efficacy and characteristics to determine differentiated needs and themes. The objective was to learn about the participants’ lived experiences when teaching kindergarten or first-grade students with ADHD and any differentiated needs based on experiences and teacher characteristics. The responses from participants may assist (a) school leaders when selecting and creating effective professional development, (b) teacher professional developers when creating training, and (c) university officials when developing teacher education courses. Recommendations for future research include expanding the geographical area and grade range of this study. Another recommendation is to conduct related research using an in-depth case study to research a teacher who instructs students who have ADHD and a teacher who instructs students who have autism.
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    Healing Through Humour: A Space for Laughter in a Historically Heavy Setting
    (2024-04-29) Wildman, Harmony
    This capstone research project challenges traditional perceptions of mental health care by advocating for the integration of lightness, joy, and playfulness in therapeutic interactions. Through a personal lens and professional experience, the author explores the impact of humour on clients' well-being and the therapeutic relationship. By emphasizing inclusivity, compassion, and the therapeutic benefits of humour, this study aims to create a more accessible and supportive mental health landscape. This work sheds light on the importance of cultivating a space where individuals feel empowered to seek counselling with ease and confidence, ultimately fostering healing and growth infused with laughter and joy.
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    Continuing Bonds Theory in Counselling: Tending Relationships to the Dead
    (2024) Coldwell, Emily
    Grief and loss are universal experiences that each person will endure over the course of their lifetime. Despite this universality grief can be a difficult topic for many people to work with, and social stigma can lead to individuals feeling that their grief is unwelcome or that there is something wrong with them for experiencing grief. Continuing bonds theory is a way of working with grief which invites individuals to form connections with their lost loved-ones. This theory acknowledges that death does not mean the cessation of love or connection, and seeks to build ways for individuals to connect with people they have lost. This paper speaks to some of the ways that this theory works with grief and how we as counsellors can work to de-pathologize grief in our practice and help individuals to form healthy connections. This paper shares some potential avenues for further exploration with regards to how counsellors can support individuals with grief that is not only attached to death-related loss and makes recommendations for further research with regards to cultural applications and using continuing bonds with complicated grief.