The National University System Repository exists to increase public access to research and other materials created by students and faculty of the affiliate institutions of National University System. Most items in the repository are open access, freely available to everyone.

Recent Submissions

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    Understanding the Process of Mentalization-Based Therapy for Addressing Low-Level Parental Reflective Functioning Among Parent Survivors of Child Abuse
    (2024-06-12) Wilson, Derek
    The issue that this capstone project addresses is the lack of understanding of mentalization based therapy (MBT) approaches for addressing the development of parental reflective functioning (PRF) among parent survivors of child abuse. To address this issue, the purpose of this capstone project is to provide an in-depth theoretical analysis that will critically explore the strengths, challenges, and gaps of the literature on MBT approaches for addressing parent survivors' PRF. A traditional-narrative approach was utilized to gather data from a variety of theoretical back-grounds (e.g., attachment theory, interpersonal neurobiology), and literature of various research methods (e.g., qualitative, quantitative and mixed-methods). This data was critically analyzed through an Affect Regulation Theory lens to consider factors of attachment style, trauma history, and interpersonal neurobiology on the context of how parent survivors relate to their children. This analysis led to the following 6 themes: the therapist's mentalizing stance; addressing epis-temic trust; following parent survivors' lead and pace; regulating parent survivors' emotional arousal; handling parent survivors' non-mentalizing modes; and assessing shifts from non-mentalizing to increased PRF. These themes may be beneficial for understanding effective and appropriate ways for therapists to support increased development of PRF among parent survivors.
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    Smartphone Addiction & Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Evidence-Based Treatments
    (2024-06-04) Kjearsgaard, Rachel
    This research project dives into the indicated relationship between Smartphone Addiction (SPA) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) within the context of counselling. This study looks at evidence-based treatments that psychotherapists and counselling clinicians can utilize to successfully address the interconnected difficulties by combining existing literature and empirical studies. The results show the importance of mindfulness-based therapies (MBI), physical activity, social support, and digital health interventions (DHI) in combating and reducing symptoms of ADHD and SPA. The research intends to provide the counselling profession with practical techniques to support individuals dealing with these complex challenges by conducting a thorough analysis of various treatment modalities. Counsellors can have a significant impact on individuals with ADHD and their SPA by prioritizing a comprehensive treatment approach and taking into account the specific requirements of each individualistic client. This approach is crucial in encouraging recovery and enhancing overall well-being.
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    Narrative Therapy and Passionate Interests to Support Therapeutic Alliance with Autistic Children and Families
    (2024-06-18) Zhang, Krystal
    This capstone was written to support counsellors working with autistic children and their families by increasing awareness of the importance of PI in building therapeutic rapport and the use of NT as an appropriate neurodiversity-affirming modality. It aims to explain the various theoretical understandings of autism when approached from an NT lens and consider the unique challenges counsellors might encounter related to rapport, communication, and co-regulation for autistic children. It supports the view that multiple realities exist, and each autistic child has unique interests and needs that may require alternative approaches in counselling. Therefore, the following research question will be explored: How can the integration of narrative therapy with autistic PI support counsellors in ongoing therapeutic rapport and communication with autistic children?
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    Understanding Misogynoir and its Impact on the Mental Health of Black and Mixed Race Black Cis, Trans, Queer and Lesbian Identifying Women. A Counsellor's Guide to Exploring Misogynoir
    (2024-04-23) McNaughton, Sherine
    The unique mental health concerns of Black women in Canada are understudied in the field of psychotherapy. Misogynoir is a term coined by Dr. Moya Bailey to highlight the gendered anti-black racism and discrimination that exist at the intersection of being black and female-identifying. Given that more Black women are accessing counselling services, this paper explores the concept of misogynoir, its history, and its enduring and profound impact on the mental health of Black women. Through an exploration of existing literature and qualitative research, this paper delves into the various manifestations of misogynoir, including an in-depth look at the popular controlling stereotypes, microaggressions and systemic discrimination. Moreover, this paper highlights unique ways that misogynoir as a form of anti-blackness impacts Black women’s stress, anxiety, depression, and other mental health issues. The research shines a light on the importance of addressing and acknowledging misogynoir in the counselling room. By understanding the nuanced experience of Black women and centring their voices in the discussion surrounding mental health, this paper advocates for a more inclusive and culturally competent approach to supporting the well-being of Black women that is rooted in an understanding of intersectional, critical race and Black feminist theory.
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    Bibliotherapy and Deep Reading: Towards a Collaborative and Client-Centred Approach to Using Reading as a Therapeutic Intervention
    (2024-05-11) Armstrong, Stacey
    Bibliotherapy is generally understood as the introduction of supplemental texts in mental health contexts to address specific concerns or to improve overall well-being. This capstone explores the concept of bibliotherapy as a therapeutic intervention, focusing on its historical and theoretical foundations, its use in counselling contexts, and some of the common and ethical considerations for integrating reading into therapeutic contexts. The literature review provides an overview of various theoretical frameworks that employ bibliotherapy and how they are practiced with a discussion of text selection and the difference between supported and unsupported bibliotherapy. While the efficacy research shows therapeutic gains, it is also riddled with blurry and varied operational definitions, wildly different modes of assessment, and small participant numbers. The deep reading framework proposed by neuroscientist Maryanne Wolf is offered as a way of expanding the understanding of the benefits of reading. The author concludes with a proposal for a collaborative and client-centred approach to bibliotherapy that includes a discussion ethical considerations and assessment.

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