The National University System Repository exists to increase public access to research and other materials created by students and faculty of the affiliate institutions of National University System. Most items in the repository are open access, freely available to everyone.
- ItemAssessing the Therapist’s Use of Silence as an Intervention in the Therapeutic Setting(2023-04)The use of silence in psychotherapy has received limited attention in counsellor training and academia. Although clinicians report learning about it through personal therapy, clinical supervision, and practice, research on this topic is scarce. Despite silence being recognized as a powerful tool in psychotherapy, there is a lack of research investigating its use as an intervention in therapeutic settings. Factors such as cultural identity, pre- and post-silence interactions, attachment style, and type of silence have been identified as important considerations, but existing research does not adequately assess these factors. This paper aims to review the literature on the impact of therapists' use of silence in therapy and proposes a research framework for counsellors to assess the use of silence as an intervention in the therapeutic setting.
- ItemBreaking Down Barriers in Trauma Informed Teaching(2023-06)The objective of this capstone project is to outline the need for trauma informed teaching as well as to explore how trauma informed teaching can be made accessible for teachers. Childhood trauma is prevalent in many of our students' lives and can manifest itself into maladaptive behaviours in the classroom which can make it difficult for teachers to support all the needs of the classroom. Through research and psychoeducation, this capstone outlines how childhood trauma is developed, investigates a current behaviour intervention strategy, as well as highlights the barriers to the implementation of said intervention. Finally, the paper explores possible ways to reduce these barriers through teacher education programs and professional development. By implementing childhood development, trauma, and social emotional learning education into preservice teacher education programs and providing ongoing in-service professional development on these topics, teachers may be able to better support the diverse needs of their students while maintaining their own personal social emotional health and wellbeing.
- ItemNature-Based Therapy: Alternative Treatment Options for North American Military Veterans with the Diagnosis of PTSD(2023-06)In this capstone project, I explore nature-based therapy as an alternative treatment for North American veterans with the diagnosis of PTSD. I examine the development and diagnosis of PTSD in veteran populations and describe the currently recommended evidence-based psychotherapy treatments. Despite the effectiveness of empirically validated trauma-focused psychotherapies, barriers to treatment completion remain a significant challenge. Through an extensive literature review, I analyze the efficacy of NBTs for veterans with PTSD and offer recommendations for future research and practice to establish NBT interventions as a viable alternative treatment option. My recommendations include consistently defining the NBT field, using modified research study designs, including long-term outcomes in study results, individualizing treatment plans for veterans, conducting ongoing outcome measures, and incorporating NBT into PTSD guidelines and veteran service referrals. Overall, this capstone highlights the ongoing need for effective alternative treatments for veterans with PTSD and offers insight into the potential of NBTs to fill this critical gap.
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